평화군축센터 한반도 평화를 위해 비핵군축운동을 합니다
[공유] 2017 노벨평화상 수상자 ICAN '한반도 비핵지대화를 위한 로드맵' 발표
- 2018.06.11 (14:36:08)
2017 노벨평화상 수상자 ICAN 기자회견
북미 정상회담 앞두고 ‘한반도 비핵지대화를 위한 5단계 로드맵’ 발표
2018년 6월 11일(월) 12:00 (현지 시간), 싱가포르 Pan Pacific Hotel
2017년 노벨평화상 수상자인 ICAN(International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, 국제핵무기철폐캠페인)은 북미 정상회담을 앞두고 오늘(6/11) 낮 12시(현지 시간), 싱가포르 Pan Pacific Hotel에서 기자회견을 개최했습니다.
기자회견에는 ICAN의 베아트리스 핀 사무총장(Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director of ICAN), 가와사키 아키라 국제 운영위원(Akira Kawasaki, member of ICAN's International Steering Group)이 참석하여 한반도 비핵지대화를 위한 5단계 로드맵을 발표했습니다.
ICAN은 핵무기 없는 세상을 지향하는 전 세계 100여 개국 450여 개 시민사회단체의 연합체로, 참여연대는 ICAN의 파트너 단체로 활동하고 있습니다.
ICAN’s five steps to denuclearise the Korean peninsula
Peace is a complex process. If Trump and Kim really want tomorrow’s summit to do more than just capture the world’s attention, they must embark on a long-term plan to real and lasting peace. Denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula is possible, and can be achieved through following five steps:
- Recognize the risk of nuclear use and the unacceptable humanitarian consequences of such use
- Reject nuclear weapons by joining the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)
- Remove North Korea’s nuclear weapons through a verifiable and irreversible plan
- Ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
- Rejoin the NPT and world community
Below, we give a brief description of what each step will entail. Or download the full roadmap including expert commentary.
Each step in a nutshell
#1 Recognize that nuclear weapons pose an unacceptable risk to humanity
The start to solving any problem is admitting that there is one. North Korea and the US must both recognize the risks and unacceptable humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons.
#2 Reject nuclear weapons, join the Nuclear Ban Treaty
Rather than risk the kind of disputes over verification and compliance that led to the collapse of previous talks, the United States and North Korea should agree to use a multilateral process through the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). The treaty, adopted by the UN in 2017, forbids the development, testing, possession, use, and threatening to use nuclear weapons. North and South Korea should immediately join the TPNW, rejecting any role for nuclear weapons in their security policies.
By joining the treaty, North Korea would commit to immediately cease any development, production, and manufacture of nuclear weapons, and irreversibly eliminating its nuclear weapons program. North Korea would be obliged to conclude and implement the highest level of IAEA non-proliferation safeguards.
South Korea would be obliged to reject the potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf by the United States,i.e. to opt out of the US “nuclear umbrella”. The ROK would not have to end its military alliance with the United States; the TPNW does not prohibit military cooperation with nuclear-armed states and/or non-party states. The ROK could continue to rely on US extended deterrence, but not extended nucleardeterrence.
Together, these undertakings would denuclearise the Korean peninsula.
#3 Remove North Korea’s nuclear weapons in a verifiable and irreversible way
Under the TPNW, North Korea would work with a competent international authority to develop and implement a time-bound, verifiable, and irreversible plan for the total elimination of its nuclear-weapon programme. The international community would play a key role in this process by verifying the elimination of North Korea’s nuclear-weapon programme . While this is a big step, that obviously depends on North Korea’s full cooperation and willingness to disarm, verified destruction of the North Korea’s nuclear weapons could be accomplished in as little as a few years.
#4 Ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
The United States and DPRK should both commit never to test nuclear weapons by ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Ceasing all nuclear-weapon test explosions would provide an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. As a legally-binding instrument founded on a robust verification system, the CTBT would also help overcome the trust deficit that is a real impediment to progress on denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula.
#5 Rejoin the NPT and world community
Following the elimination of its nuclear weapons, North Korea should rejoin the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The United States should pursue multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations as stipulated by NPT Article VI.